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                  Inventor                                                       Invention                                    U.S. Patent Number         Date Issued

  Judy W. Reed                               Improvement in dough kneader & roller                      No patent              September 20,1884


  Sarah E. Goode                            Folding Cabinet Bed                                                            322,117                   July 14, 1885

  Miriam E. Benjamin                    Patented a gong and signal chair for motels                    386,289                  July 17, 1888
  (School teacher)

  Anna M. Mangin                          Patent for a pastry fork                                                     470,005                 March 1, 1892
  (Woodside, New York)

  Archia L. Ross                              Runner for Stoops.                                                              565,301                 August 4, 1896
  (New York, NY)                           Offical Gazette of the U.S. Patent Office. vol.77.
                                                         Trousers Support                                                                638,068              November 28, 1899

  Julia Terry Hammonds               Apparatus for holding yarn skeins                                   572,985                  December 15,1896  
  (Lebanon, Illinois)                        Listed in the Offical Gazette of the
                                                          U.S. Patent Office. vol.77 p. 1617.

  Lyda A. Newman                        Patent for a hair brush which permitted                         614,335               November 15, 1898
  (New York City, NY)                  easy cleaning by having a detachable unit                                                        
                                                         which carried the brush and bristles 

  Ellen Elgin                                    Clothes wringer                                                                                                           1880s

​  Madeline Turner                         Patent for a fruit press                                                     1,180,959                April 25, 1916    
  (Oakland, California) 

  Alice H. Parker                            Issued a patent for a heating furnace.                           1,325,905               December 19,1919
  (Morristown, NJ)                        The invention provided a mechanism for 
                                                         regulating heat to be carried to various 
                                                         rooms of a building.  

  Mary J. Reynolds                       Hoisting/loading mechanism                                                                              Apr.20,1920


​  M. Thomas                                  Float-operated circuit closer                                                                               May 4,1920

  Marjorie Joyner                           Patent for a permanent wave machine                        1,693,515                   November 27,1928   
  (Chicago, Illinois)                         which could wave the hair of both 
                                                         white and Black people.

 Henrietta Mahim Bradberry     Patented a bed rack which was an attachment           2,320,027                   May 25, 1943
  (Chicago, Illinois)                         to the bed that permitted air to pass through 
                                                         and re-freshen worn clothes. 
                                                         A torpedo discharge means - a device                          2,390,688                December 11,1945 
                                                         operated pneumatically and was adapted to
                                                         discharge torpedoes under the water surface 
                                                         while located in submarines or in 
                                                         subterranean forts. It had three gears, giving
                                                         the capability of firing multiple torpedoes 
                                                         rather than the standard single charge. 

  Bessie V. Griffin                           Portable receptable                                                         2,550,554                 April 25, 1951
  (New Jersey) 

  Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner       Sanitary Belt.                                                                   2,881,761                   May 15, 1956 
  (Washington, D.C.)                      Sanitary Belt with                                                            2,881,761                   April 14, 1959
   (born in Charlotte, North Carolina)    Moistureproof Napkin Pocket.                                        
                                                         Carrier attachment for invalid walkers.                       3,957,071                   May 18, 1976  
                                                         (McLean, Virginia)
                                                         Bathroom Tissue Holder.                                               4,354,643                October 19, 1982 
                                                         (Williamsburg, Virgina)
                                                         Back washer mounted on a shower wall                      4,696,068                 September 29, 1987
                                                         and bathtub. 

  Iula O. Carter                               Nursery Chair                                                                 2,923,950               February 9, 1960

  Marie V.Brittan Brown               Home security system                                                                                     December 2,1969

  Virgie M. Ammons                     Fireplace damper actuating tool.                                  3,908,633               September 30, 1975

    Joan Clark                                   Holder for bras & like                                                                                           Aug.31,1976
   Los Angeles, CA                          Medicine tray                                                                   D283,249                     Apr.1,1986  

  Beatrice L. Cowans                      Embroidered fruit bowl wall hanging                           4,016,314                     Apr.5,1977 
  (Washington, DC)                         and kit for making same.         
  Virginia E. Hall
  (Washington, DC) 

​  Mary Ann Moore                                       Pain relief composition and                                                                 4,177,266                      December 4, 1979   
​  (Carlisle, Kentucky)                                  method of preparing same

  Valerie Thomas                            Illusion transmitter                                                          4,229,761               October 21, 1980
  (Lanham, MD) 

  Mildred Austin Smith                 Family relationships card game                                    4,230,321                 October 28, 1980 
  (Sister of Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner)    A game that explores geneological
                                                         family relationships. 

  Maxine Snowden                         Rain Hat                                                                            4,378,606                 April 5, 1983
  (Washington, D.C.) 

​  Ruane Sharon Jeter                    Toaster                                                                              D289,249                 April 14,1987 
  (Los Angeles, CA) 

  Patricia Bath, M.D.                      Method and apparatus for ablating                              4,744,360                  May 17,1988
  Los Angeles, CA                           and removing cataract 
                                                         Apparatus for Ablating and 
                                                         Removing Cataract Lenses 
                                                         Laser apparatus for surgery                                           5,843,071                December 1,1998
                                                         of cataractous lenses                                                        5,919,186                   July 6, 1999 

  Carol Randall                                Ear brace                                                                          4,971,072               November20,1990 
  (Los Angeles, CA)                        Portable holder for tissues                                             5,544,750                 August 13,1996  

​  Natalie R. Love                             T-Top roof cover                                                             5,110,178                   May 5,1992
  (Baltimore, MD) 

  Joanna Hardin                              Keyboard stand                                                               5,188,321                February 23,1993
  (New York, NY)
  Bernard Hirschenson
  (New York, NY) 

  Brothella Quick                            Pocketed underwear                                                       D341,470                November 23,1993
  (Evanston, IL) 

  Ruane Sharon Jeter                    Hand-held, multi-functional devices in one                 D383,783               September 16, 1997 
  (Los Angeles, CA)                        housing including a stapler, staple remover,
  Sheila Lynn Jeter                        pencil sharpener, hole punch, calculator,
  (Los Angeles, CA)                        tape measure, architectural
                                                         and engineering scale.  

​  Gaba; Rodolfo                              Cabinet for housing a medical waste container           D411,008                   Jun. 15, 1999
  (Simi Valley, CA);
  Griffin; Michael
  (Agua Dulce, CA);
  Gusakov; Ignaty
  (East Aurora, NY);
  Ruane Sharon Jeter
  (Los Angeles, CA);
  Marsh; Gordon H.
  (West Hills, CA)

  Gaba; Rodolfo                               Container installing system                                           5,918,762                    Jul. 6, 1999
  (Simi Valley, CA);
  Griffin; Michael
  (Agua Dulce, CA);
  Gusakov; Ignaty
  (East Aurora, NY);
  Ruane Sharon Jeter
  (Los Angeles, CA);
  Marsh; Gordon H.
  (West Hills, CA) 

  Gaba; Rodolfo                               Medical waste disposal container                                  5,947,285                  Sept. 7, 1999     (Simi Valley, CA);   
  Griffin; Michael
  (Aqua Dulce, CA);
  Gusakov; Ignaty
  (East Aurora, NY);
  Ruane Sharon Jeter
  (Los Angeles, CA);
  Mach; Brian
  (Elma, NY);
  Marsh; Gordon H.
  (West Hills, CA). 

  Theora Stephens                            Pressing/curling iron
1885 First patent issued to an Afro-American woman
Marjorie Joyner was employed by the Madame C.J. Walker Cosmetic Company and assigned her patent rights to that company for a hair styling hot comb (erroneously cited as invented by Walker). Madame C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, invented hair creams to soften the hair. She also developed other lotions and creams for which she acquired trademarks.
Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner is the most prolific Black woman inventor to date
Marketed under the names "Family Relationships Card Game" and trademarked as Family Treedition, also available in braille.
The instrument opens and closes a firplace damper and is also intended to operate as a securing means to prevent fluttering of the damper due to wind.
African American Women Inventors